さくらVPSにMySQL-communication-server 5.6を入れました

こんにちは!くまかけです。

Redmineを設定する為にMySQL5.6をcommunication-serverで入れてみました。

■ MySQLのインストール

#yum install mysql-community-release-el6-5.noarch.rpm

下記が追加されました。
mysql-community-source.repo
mysql-community.repo

#yum info mysql-community-server

Name : mysql-community-server
Arch : x86_64
Version : 5.6.23
Release : 2.el6
Size : 53 M
Repo : mysql56-community

# yum install mysql-community-server

======================================================================================================================================
 Package                                   Arch                 Version                         Repository                       Size
======================================================================================================================================
Installing:
 mysql-community-libs                      x86_64               5.6.23-2.el6                    mysql56-community               1.9 M
     replacing  mysql-libs.x86_64 5.1.67-1.el6_3
 mysql-community-libs-compat               x86_64               5.6.23-2.el6                    mysql56-community               1.6 M
     replacing  mysql-libs.x86_64 5.1.67-1.el6_3
 mysql-community-server                    x86_64               5.6.23-2.el6                    mysql56-community                53 M
Installing for dependencies:
 mysql-community-client                    x86_64               5.6.23-2.el6                    mysql56-community                18 M
 mysql-community-common                    x86_64               5.6.23-2.el6                    mysql56-community               307 k
 perl-DBI                                  x86_64               1.609-4.el6                     base                            705 k
Updating for dependencies:
 postfix                                   x86_64               2:2.6.6-6.el6_5                 base                            2.0 M

Transaction Summary
======================================================================================================================================
Install       6 Package(s)
Upgrade       1 Package(s)

#mysqld –version

mysqld Ver 5.6.23 for Linux on x86_64 (MySQL Community Server (GPL))

自動起動を設定します

# chkconfig mysqld on

# chkconfig –list | grep mysql

mysqld         0:off	1:off	2:on	3:on	4:on	5:on	6:off

MySQLを起動します

# service mysqld start

PLEASE REMEMBER TO SET A PASSWORD FOR THE MySQL root USER !
To do so, start the server, then issue the following commands:

  /usr/bin/mysqladmin -u root password 'new-password'
  /usr/bin/mysqladmin -u root -h www6351ui.sakura.ne.jp password 'new-password'

Alternatively you can run:

  /usr/bin/mysql_secure_installation

which will also give you the option of removing the test
databases and anonymous user created by default.  This is
strongly recommended for production servers.

See the manual for more instructions.

Please report any problems at http://bugs.mysql.com/

The latest information about MySQL is available on the web at

  http://www.mysql.com

Support MySQL by buying support/licenses at http://shop.mysql.com

Note: new default config file not created.
Please make sure your config file is current

WARNING: Default config file /etc/my.cnf exists on the system
This file will be read by default by the MySQL server
If you do not want to use this, either remove it, or use the
--defaults-file argument to mysqld_safe when starting the server

                                                           [  OK  ]
Starting mysqld:                                           [  OK  ]

セキュリティの設定しなさい!ってメッセージが出てますね。。

セキュリティの初期設定をします

下記の設定をします。
・rootパスワードの設定
・anonymousユーザーの削除
・リモートからのrootユーザログインの禁止
・testテーブルの削除

#mysql_secure_installation

NOTE: RUNNING ALL PARTS OF THIS SCRIPT IS RECOMMENDED FOR ALL MySQL
      SERVERS IN PRODUCTION USE!  PLEASE READ EACH STEP CAREFULLY!

In order to log into MySQL to secure it, we'll need the current
password for the root user.  If you've just installed MySQL, and
you haven't set the root password yet, the password will be blank,
so you should just press enter here.

Enter current password for root (enter for none):
OK, successfully used password, moving on...

Setting the root password ensures that nobody can log into the MySQL
root user without the proper authorisation.

Set root password? [Y/n] Y
New password:
Re-enter new password:
Password updated successfully!
Reloading privilege tables..
 ... Success!


By default, a MySQL installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone
to log into MySQL without having to have a user account created for
them.  This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation
go a bit smoother.  You should remove them before moving into a
production environment.

Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] Y
 ... Success!

Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from 'localhost'.  This
ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network.

Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] Y
 ... Success!

By default, MySQL comes with a database named 'test' that anyone can
access.  This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed
before moving into a production environment.

Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] Y
 - Dropping test database...
ERROR 1008 (HY000) at line 1: Can't drop database 'test'; database doesn't exist
 ... Failed!  Not critical, keep moving...
 - Removing privileges on test database...
 ... Success!

Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so far
will take effect immediately.

Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] Y
 ... Success!


All done!  If you've completed all of the above steps, your MySQL
installation should now be secure.

Thanks for using MySQL!
Cleaning up…

■Redmine用のデータベースを作成する

ユーザー:admin
パスワード:passwd
データベース:redmine

$mysql -u root -p
mysql> show character set;

+----------+-----------------------------+---------------------+--------+
| Charset  | Description                 | Default collation   | Maxlen |
+----------+-----------------------------+---------------------+--------+
| utf8     | UTF-8 Unicode               | utf8_general_ci     |      3 |
+----------+-----------------------------+---------------------+--------+

mysql> create database redmine character set utf8;
mysql> show create database redmine;

+----------+------------------------------------------------------------------+
| Database | Create Database                                                  |
+----------+------------------------------------------------------------------+
| redmani  | CREATE DATABASE `redmine` /*!40100 DEFAULT CHARACTER SET utf8 */ |
+----------+------------------------------------------------------------------+

mysql> create user ‘admin’@’localhost’ identified by ‘passwd’;
mysql> select User,Host from mysql.user;

+---------+-----------+
| User    | Host      |
+---------+-----------+
| admin   | localhost |
+---------+-----------+

mysql> grant all on redmine.* to admin;
mysql> show grants for ‘admin’@’localhost’ \G

*************************** 1. row ***************************
Grants for admin@localhost: GRANT USAGE ON *.* TO 'admin'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY PASSWORD ‘*xx'

■ソースが必要な場合は・・・

commucation-develをインストールします。
# yum install mysql-community-devel.x86_64

============================================================================================================================
 Package                             Arch                 Version                     Repository                       Size
============================================================================================================================
Installing:
 mysql-community-devel               x86_64               5.6.23-2.el6                mysql56-community               3.3 M

Transaction Summary
============================================================================================================================
Install       1 Package(s)

 

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